Criminal Psychology and Rehabilitation
The study of criminal psychology, also called forensic psychology, focuses on the study of the thoughts, intentions, motivations, and reactions of lawbreakers. It does not only study the reasons why people commit criminal acts, but also their reactions after doing the crime, either in court or fugitive.
Criminal psychologists develop psychological profiles of perpetrators to help police understand the nature, patterns and motives of criminals. They study the childhood background of serial killers, the psychological pressures people experience that led them to rob banks to solve their financial problems. They are also concerned in the methods how criminals deal with the outcome of a crime, including criminals who decide to run or misbehave in court.
The perceptions of criminal psychologists are important in investigating a criminal. They can also make use of the diverse clues to obtain a clear and deep perception into the type of crime and the individual who executed it. Similarly, criminal psychologists also look at the profile of the victims the offender chooses, derive inferences about the criminal and possibly figure the target victims from their profiles.
Criminal psychologists often testify in court cases to assist the judges understand the mentality of the offender. A criminal psychology expert may be asked requested to observe or partake in the questioning and cross-examination of a crime suspect or to work together with the offended party to collect information. He can also collect psychological evidences from circumstances at the scene of the crime or the criminal's home, and propose places of search, which may satisfy the investigators.
Many criminal psychologists concentrate on working with juvenile delinquents or criminal victims. They generally have degrees in child psychology, and pursued further training in forensic psychology and criminology. These children may be their patients in a clinical practice. Criminal psychologists testify in court about child criminals, or suggest support to criminal examinations and inquiries involving children.
Criminal rehabilitation aims to lessen unlawful recidivism. In fact, it is the most cost-efficient form of crime prevention. Education is one of the means to successfully rehabilitate a criminal. The society is educated as a whole to uphold the significance of guarding the laws and guarantee that there is less prejudice against former prisoners. It ensures that former criminals have fewer tendencies to go back to a life of misconduct.
Education is also recommended to let the prisoners to improve and stay important to the changing world beyond the prison walls. In criminal rehabilitation, inmates are given the privilege to boost their knowledge because studies show that a lot of inmates do not have fundamental grade school education. This severely hinders their success of getting jobs; thus, they turn to criminal lives. Basic criminal rehabilitation courses ensure that inmates who signed up for the program have a standard level of literacy.
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